The College of Agriculture, originally known as Utkal Krushi Mahavidyalaya, was established in the year 1954 and started functioning in a Primary School building at Bhubaneswar from July, 1954. Subsequently, it was shifted to a new building, the present campus of the college, in 1957. The college first functioned with only 32 UG students on roll under B. Sc. (Ag) programme and subsequently the intake capacity went up progressively up to 256 students to meet the technical manpower requirements of the State.
In each department separate UG and PG laboratories are there for
doing the practical classes. The
UG laboratory has the capacity to accommodate 32 students and is well
equipped for conduct of practical classes.
For under-graduate students the various lab. Equipments like
microscope electrical balance, hot-air oven, pH meter, spectrometer,
hygrometer, water distillation set, doionizer, seed moisture meter,
refractometer, autoclave, soil augor, tensit meter, flame photometer,
wilmott bubbler, Ganongs’ respirometer, Ganongs’ photometer etc. are
available for doing the practical experiments.
On the other hand, the equipments like seed germinator, laminar
flow, electronic balance, centrifuge, BOD incubator, leaf area meter,
spectrophostometer, nitrogen analyser, electrophoresis apparatus, computer
appliances, electrical grinder, compound microscope (electrically
operated), micro and micro Kjeldahl
distillation unit, conductivity meter etc. are available for doing
practical classes and researches of
M.Sc.(Ag) and Ph.D. students. In
addition, net house and glass houses are available for doing pot culture
experimewnts. Further, plots in the field and the Instructional Farm in
the Central Farm are also availed by the Post-Graduate students to do
their theses works.
: A common entrance test is
conducted for admission into B.Sc.(Ag) and other Under-Graduate classes of
constituent colleges of the University and selection of candidates
for admission is made solely on the basis of merit taking into
consideration of the career and marks secured by the candidate
in the entrance test. Extra weightage for extracurricular
activities like NCC, NSS and sports is also given over and above the
marks. Admission to various
courses are given as per the preference of the student according to
: Admission into Master’s and Doctoral Programmes in various disciplines
of Faculty is done through a common entrance test. The final merit
list for admission into M.Sc.(Ag) is prepared taking both academic
career (HSC, +2 Sc. and B.Sc.Ag.) and entrance performance into
consideration while the mewrit list of Ph.D. students is prepared
departmentwise and being notified before admission well in advance.
The college offers under graduate courses leading to B.Sc.(Ag) and
B.Sc.(Forestry) degrees. The P.G. teaching programme leading to M.Sc.(Ag)
degree was introduced in 1960-61.
To begin with, M.Sc.(Ag) was offered in three disciplines viz.
Agronomy, Botany and Agril. Economics.
Subsequently, the P.G. teaching programme was extended to
eight more disciplines. Ph.D.
programme under traditional system was started in 1967-68 and course
credit system in 1982-83 in seven disciplines.
In the year 1997-98, Ph.D. teaching programme was made available in
three more disciplines viz. Plant Physiology, Extension Education and
Nematology. Thus, presently
there are 14 departments in the college with P.G. teaching
facilities in 13 departments and Ph.D. teaching facilities in 10
departments. Detailed information of the departments and their status with
intake capacity at PG and Ph.D. level are given in the following Table.
Departments and their status
During the current academic year 2005-2006, the college has 529 students in U.G. (355), P.G. (103) and Ph.D. (25) classes including 46 UG students in the Department of Forestry.
The college is offering 165 credits for
B.Sc.(Ag), 166 credits for B.Sc.(Forestry),
50 credits for M.Sc.(Ag) and 70 credits for Ph.D. courses.
The college has introduced new course programmes at the B.Sc.(Ag.) level from 1998-99 as per the guidelines of ICAR keeping in view the provision of interdisciplinary production oriented courses. In the new course curricula, courses like Structural and Spoken English, Computer Application in agriculture, Plant Biotechnology, Post-Harvest Engineering, Rainfed Agriculture, Farming systems and sustainable agriculture and Mushroom cultivation have been introduced. Besides, Rural Agriculture Work Experience (RAWE) programme with 20 credits of 6 months duration (one semester) has also been introduced in the B. Sc. (Ag) curriculum in the 8th semester. This programme has already been started from the 1998-99 B.Sc.(Ag) batch which is meant to acquaint the students with rural life and getting practical training on crop production through work experience. New course programme has introduced at the P.G. and Ph.D. level as per the guidelines of ICAR since the academic year 2005-06.
Questions are obtained from external examiners in the core courses for semester final examinations.
minimum total credit requirements for the Master's and Doctoral programmes shall
be 50 credits (35 course + 15 research) and 70 credits (25 course + 45
The minimum total credit requirements for the Master's and Doctoral programmes shall be 50 credits (35 course + 15 research) and 70 credits (25 course + 45 research).
Teacher students ratio presently in the College of Agriculture,
Bhubaneswar is 1:6.3.
To mitigate the financial constraints to some extent, the college has introduced self- finance scheme at UG level from the academic year 2001-2002. Forty per cent seats have been allocated for the students under self finance scheme.
There are 14 departments.
college in addition to the regular teaching programmes, takes up research
work in the fields of crop
improvement, production and protection. Besides P.G. and Ph.D. students’
research, 17 adhoc projects and 10 National Agricultural Technology
Projects (NATP) are also in
operation in the college (Annexure -II
and III ). A brief
account of achievements in research is outlined below :
i ) Crop improvement
Crop improvement programme dates
back to the year of establishment of the college in 1954.
Under this programme a good number of crop varieties having
suitability for various agro-ecological situations of the State have been
evolved. A few varieties developed in National Institutes and by other
Universities have also been identified suitable for different situations
of the State through multilocational testings.
of package of cultivation practices for all the crops grown in the state
is one of the mandatory research agenda of the college. Through the
departmental and post-graduate research programmes scientific cultivation
practices have been developed including cultural, fertilizer and other
crop management practices keeping in view the optimization of production
in one hand and sustainability of the production system on the other.
A few major contributions on crop production system are outlined
the rainfed uplands, intercropping of Arhar with rice, ragi, pulses,
oilseeds and maize with
cowpea minimizes the drought risk.
medium duration rice, application of FYM or green manure @ 5 t/ha
alongwith BGA @ 15 kg/ha and chemical fertilizer @ 30-15-15 kg NPK/ha
gives same yield as 60-30-30 kg NPK/ha (through fertilizers).
direct seeded rice it is recommended to apply full P & K as basal, and
N in 3 splits i.e. 50% at Khelua,
25% 15 days after and 25% panicle initiation stage.
of Azotobacter in upland rice supplies 20 kg N/ha.
rice-groundnut cropping system, the phosphate requirement of both the
crops should be given to
groundnut only. Gypsum should be applied to groundnut to supply calcium
and sulphur to the crop.
of irrigation following disappearance of water in the rice field after one
day in Kharif season and three
days in Rabi season could save
toxicity in rice could be controlled by applying fresh cowdung or
potassium @ 90-120 kg/ha.
of lime (0.25 LR) to rice in the alternate year can increase the
of pulses could be enhanced through liming of acid soils, use of rhizobium
culture, and application of molybdenum and phosphorus.
inarching method of propagation in mango results in 70% success of grafts
with less than 1% mortality.
of etherel @ 200 ppm increases the female flowers in pumpkin.
iii ) Crop Protection
Much emphasis is being given to
use the biopesticides for minimising environmental pollution. The Crop
Protection Departments (Entomology, Plant Pathology and Nematology) have
developed pest management strategies for combating the pests through use
of eco-friendly pesticides. Some of the outstanding findings are
enumerated below :
of Nuclear Polyhydrosis virus (NPV) effectively controls the pod borer (Helicoverpa)
attacking cotton, tomato and pulses thereby preventing huge loss caused by
such as Bacillus
thuringiensis (Bt) &
Beauveria bassiana are used
to control leptidopterous pests damaging cole crops.
based pesticides have good effect for controlling the sucking pests such
as leaf hoppers, white-fly, scale insects and mealy bugs etc. of different
crops when used in combination with synthetic insecticides.
leaf powder of Ageratum (3% w/w) with groundnut pods and treating the
gunny bags with a thin layer of coal tar effectively controls the kernel
beetle in groundnut
techniques of Indian and Italian Honey bee colonies have been standardised
which increases the honey yield by 40%.
blight of rice which was hitherto a minor disease assumed a major status
in Orissa. It can be effectively
controlled by spraying of validamycin or carbendazim or ketazin.
preparations containing the species of Trichoderma, Gliocladium and
Pseudomonas have been found to be very effective against the seed and soil
practices of paddy straw, oyster and milky mushroom have been standardized
and popularised among the farmers of Orissa.
of bordeux mixture effectively controls the serious diseases such as foot,
leaf and stem rot in betel vine.
varieties such as PAU 10 & B 17; brinjal such as KS 224 are found
tolerant to root knot nematode.
groundnut after rice reduces the rice root-rot nematode population by 50%
and increases the rice yield.
* Application of butachlor in rice controls most of the weeds and increases the grain yield.
Inter-departmental seminar is being held at the college level in
the last week of every month and all the faculty members including
post-graduate students participate in the discussion.
Students’ events includes athletic meet, annual drama,
commemoration day, literacy competitions, music, dance and song
competitions etc. during the academic session.
* On University Foundation day, exhibits of different departments are displayed in the college auditorium for benefit of the farmers and the extension workers.
* AGRIFEST is organised every year in the college campus wherein the various Agroagencies display their product and exhibits for benefit of the students, scientists and farming communities.